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Infraorder Brachyura // Family Panopeidae
  Genus Rhithropanopeus Rathbun, 1898  
Only one species in this genus (WoRMS, 2017) -
  Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) Larvae development
Synonym: Heteropanope tridentata (Maitl.)
Rhithropanopeus harrisi tridentatus (Maitland, 1874)
Panopeus wurdemannii Gibbes, 1850
Pilumnus harrisii Gould, 1841
Rhithropanopeus harrisii tridentatus Maitland, 1874
Mordukhay-Boltovskoy, 1952
Băcescu, 1967
WoRMS, 2017
WoRMS, 2017
WoRMS, 2017
The natural areal of the Dutch crab is located along the Atlantic coast of North America, from the southern part of the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Canada) to the coast of Veracruz state in the Gulf of Mexico (Williams, 1984). At present, this species has actively settled in many water bodies of the world. It was found on the Atlantic coast of Europe. In the Baltic, North, Mediterranean, Black, Azov, Caspian and Aral seas. And also on the Pacific coast of North America and Japan (Fowler et al, 2013). In Europe, it was first discovered in 1874 in the Netherlands (Wolff, 2005). Since then, this species has spread widely along the entire coast of the North and Baltic Seas. In 1938, it was first found in the Dnieper-Bug estuary (Makarov, 1939). At present, it mostly inhabits the Sea of ​​Azov and the Taganrog Bay, and is also found in completely fresh water in the lower reaches of the Don and in the estuaries of many rivers flowing into the Black Sea. In 1957, this species entered the Caspian Sea, where it also became a mass form (Reznichenko, 1967). Recorded in the Aral Sea since 1976 (Andreeva, Andreev, 1988). Euryhaline species that lives in fresh and brackish waters. Occurs on sandy, sandy-silty and clayey soils. Digs burrows under rocks or under the roots of sea grasses. And also uses other people's holes or buries itself in the ground. In the Black Sea, in areas with a stable salinity of 19 ‰, adult crabs are not found.
North Atlantic Baltic Sea Black Sea Azov Sea Caspian Sea
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